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Comparing Silicone Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives to Silicone Gels for Transdermal Drug Delivery

Transdermal, drug-delivery applications mandate the use of adequate adhesive systems to not only keep the pharmaceutical agent in contact with the intended surface, but to facilitate sustained, controlled delivery. An engineer who must determine which silicone chemistry is optimal for their device has a few options. This paper will investigate the differences in silicone pressure sensitive adhesives (PSAs) and silicone gels for transdermal drug delivery applications. The paper begins with analysis of the chemistry of silicone and silicone materials. The many variations of the chemistry demonstrate the versatility of using silicone in drug delivery applications. Further exploration of the materials demonstrates fundamental differences between silicone PSAs and silicone gels and the advantages and disadvantages of these materials in use. The findings of the study suggest that silicone gels can offer a compelling alternative to the more traditionally used silicone pressure sensitive adhesives. The paper does recognize that the tradeoffs between ease of use and physical properties need to be considered when evaluating both materials for transdermal drug delivery applications.